Urban farming includes a wide range of projects and activities relating to food production. And with the recent revival of farming in and around towns, through growing food themselves and attending farmer’s markets, people have been reconnecting to agriculture. This rapidly growing trend has the potential to feed communities and generate economic opportunities. Urban agriculture is popular for a variety of reasons including sustainability, affordability, health, and convenience.
There are many types of urban agriculture today, including community and backyard gardens; planting on the rooftop and balcony; increasing in vacant lots, the list goes on in parks.
What is Urban Farming?
Urban agriculture, urban farming, or urban gardening is the practice of cultivating, processing, and distributing food in or around urban areas. Urban agriculture can also involve animal husbandry, aquaculture, agroforestry, urban beekeeping, and horticulture. These activities occur in peri-urban areas as well, and peri-urban agriculture may have different characteristics.
Urban agriculture may represent varying rates of social and economic growth. It can be a social movement for sustainable societies, where organic farmers, “foodies,” and “locavores” form social networks focused on a common ethic of nature and holism of society. Such networks will grow when formal institutional support is provided, becoming incorporated into local urban planning as a campaign for sustainable urban growth called “transition town.” Food protection, education, and producing income for others are the main reasons for the profession. In any case, more direct access by urban agriculture to fresh vegetables, fruits, and meat products will improve food security and food health.
Urban FarmingTypes of Urban Agriculture
- Backyard Gardens
This is cultivating food in the homeland. Its produce is mostly shared between friends, family, and neighbours as it typically leads to a harvest surplus. The food can be preserved and conserved as well. Backyard gardens benefit communities as neighbours can share each other’s backyard and use different farming methods leading to better yields.
- Street landscaping
That is the landscaping of streets for various purposes, such as community gardens, that the local residents prefer to use. Not only do they make the streets look beautiful but they also purify the air and create a clean atmosphere. Because they are located primarily along the street, their added advantage is their ability to reduce urban runoff from stormwater.
- Forest gardening
This relates to the tradition of growing gardens within an urban forest. Forest planting is accomplished by the production of various crops, vegetables, and fruits in urban environments. Forests typically provide an atmosphere conducive to crop production, and for this purpose, they help preserve forests and can render deforestation a nonfactor in urban settings. Forest planting may also be part of afforestation activities, which enables trees to be planted as a step towards mitigating global warming in urban areas.
This includes agricultural practice in greenhouses in residential, industrial, and public urban spaces. They need a considerable land area to be set up depending on the crops being planted. Greenhouses provide farmers with the opportunity to grow a crop throughout the year as they provide a regulated environment in which the crops can be exposed to the different conditions needed for production.
Also, See A Step by Step Guide on Growing Medicinal Plants Hydroponically
- Rooftop gardens
Since urban areas have limited space, it doesn’t mean that they can’t practice agriculture. This is where space on the rooftop comes in because they can easily be used to grow vegetables, fruits, and herbs. The downside of rooftop gardens is that it can help to minimize urban heat island and enhance the air quality. Apart from these, gardens on the rooftop can be used to beautify leisure establishments.
- Green walls
The green wall includes vegetation or food crops growing on a wall’s external or internal area. It does not take up much room as the system used helps to supply sufficient water to the food and it uses soil present on the walls. This is a good way to reduce the runoff from stormwater.
- Vertical farms
It theoretically entails planting upwards to reduce the footprint of agricultural property. Green walls may be used as a tool for vertical farms as they often use limited space and are performed on the vertical wall sides.
By Kane Dane, Urban Farming, Source: https://agriculturegoods.com/urban-farming